There are two technologies employed in the Genie Computerized Water Conditioner output - Radio Frequency and Direct Inductive Coupling. The very powerful microprocessor delivers an unparalleled 13000 varying low frequency pulses per second. It is this action that neutralizes the calcium carbonate particles ability to adhere and form scale. As the treated water flows through your plumbing system the water will reverse the scale forming process, disintegrating the build-up already present, and offer future scale prevention.
Calcium carbonate, naturally exists in two forms limestone and marble. Limestone has a number of impurities which are predominantly Silica, Alumina , and calcium sulphate which act as bonding agents.
CaCO3 is only very slightly soluble in water, yet large amounts of calcium become dissolved in most water supplies. This is because as rain water falls to earth it encounters carbon dioxide and reacts with it to form a mild acid (Carbonic Acid). Thus as rain water comes into contact with limestone in the earth, the limestone dissolves and goes into solution with the water. Surface waters also encounter carbon dioxide from the decay of organic materials. As these waters contact limestone, the limestone gradually dissolves and goes into solution.
Under close investigation of industrial systems where scale is formed, the scale is mainly Calcium Carbonate or Magnesium Carbonate but also Silica, Alumina or Calcium Sulphate are required as binders to make the scale form.
The Genie Computerized Water Conditioner waveform changes the Ionic state of the molecules in the solution being treated. This physical ionic change repels Silica, Alumina and Iron which normally act as binders and make scale form. Free electrons are generated which allow Ca (Calcium) and Mg (Magnesium) to dissociate from CO3 (Carbonate), SO4 (Sulphate) and HCO3 (Hyrdocarbonate) and assume their neutral atomic states, thus stopping scale forming and removing scale deposits. On evaporation only neutral minerals form and any Calcium Carbonate left will form as neutral Aragonite instead of Calcite.
The capability of the water to dissolve minerals will also be increased and this is the reason why hard scale layers will be softened, will slowly enter into the water stream, and will disappear down the drain. This means that you may have slightly more problems with scaling after the installation until all old hard scale layers have disappeared, which will take 30 to 90 days depending on how much preexisting scale was formed. If you have clean piping and live in a new house you will only see the beneficial effects.
The Genie Computerized Water Conditioner is a water conditioning technology that physically changes the minerals in water to prevent them from forming scale. A traditional water softener replaces calcium and magnesium (known as "hardness") with salt or potassium.